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Functional four-base A/T gap core sequence CATTAG of P53 response elements specifically bound tetrameric P53 differently than two-base A/T gap core sequence CATG bound both dimeric and tetrameric P53

Nucleic Acids Research
Oxford University Press
Publication Date
DOI: 10.1093/nar/gkp033
  • Molecular Biology


The consensus sequence of p53 is repeated half sites of PuPuPuC(A/T)(A/T)GPyPyPy. GtAGCAttAGCCCAGACATGTCC is a 14-3-3σ promoter p53 regulation site; the first core sequence is CAttAG, and the second is CATG. Both mutants GtAGgAttAGCCCAGACATGTCC and GtAGCAttAGCCCAGACATcTCC can be activated by p53 as a 1.5-fold half site. The original p53 regulated site on the 14-3-3σ promoter is a whole site, and CATTAG is a functional core sequence. The p53-binding affinity and the activity of CATTAG were lower than for the mutant CATATG core sequence. Wild-type p53 acts as a tetramer to bind to the whole site; however, it also can bind to a half site by one of its dimers. Wild-type p53 can only bind to a half site with core sequence CATG but not to CATATG. The 1.5-fold half site or whole site with core sequence CATATG can be bound by wild-type p53. A p53 mutant, A344, forms dimeric p53; it can only bind to CATG, and not to CATATG. Therefore, tetrameric and dimeric p53 can bind to a two-base A/T gap core sequence, but only tetrameric p53 can bind to a four-base A/T gap core sequence.

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