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Improving the environmental performance of small-scale industries in the south: a case study of the Dye Stuff industry in India

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  • Chemistry
  • Ecology
  • Economics
  • Geography


Improving the Environmental Performance of Small-Scale Industries in the south: a Case Study of the Dyestuffs Industry in India 1 IMPROVING THE ENVIRONMENTAL PERFORMANCE OF SMALL-SCALE INDUSTRIES IN THE SOUTH: A CASE STUDY OF THE DYESTUFFS INDUSTRY IN INDIA Joy Clancy and Mark Lakmakker, Technology and Development Group, University of Twente, PO Box 217, 7500 AE Enschede, The Netherlands 1 Introduction Environmental management in developing countries lacks behind the achievements in developed countries. One of the reasons is the type of technologies used. In addition, economic development is usually prioritised over care for the environment. Finally, weak institutional infrastructures lack effectiveness in enforcing environmental regulations. This paper reports on research on environmental management within the small-scale dyestuffs industry in India. The reasons for selecting this sector are: 1. Small-scale industry in general is of significant economic importance in India. This is due to the large number of units, their wide geographical spread and generally labour intensive technologies. The small-scale industry is a major employera 2. The dyestuffs industry is the oldest chemical industry sector in India. Technologies deployed within the small-scale industry have remained relatively unchanged since the initial development of this sector, which started after WW II. The environmental impacts can therefore be expected to be not at the levels of current best practice. The objectives of the research reported here are: 1. To identify technologies for the improvement of environmental management of the small-scale dyestuffs industry in India. 2. To identify policy measures for promotion of the dissemination of these technologies. The research was undertaken as part of a larger research study under the Joint Indian Netherlands Research Programme (IDPAD) between the University of Twente and the Indian Institute of Management (Ahmed

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