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Biosynthesis of the two halobacterial light sensors P480 and sensory rhodopsin and variation in gain of their signal transduction chains.

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  • Research Article
  • Biology


The two retinal-containing photoreceptors of halobacteria, P480 and sensory rhodopsin, are formed constitutively and inducibly, respectively. Both photoreceptors are synthesized as apoproteins in cells with nicotine-inhibited retinal synthesis and are reconstituted as chromoproteins by the addition of all-trans retinal to cell membrane preparations. The decrease in photoreceptor-mediated photophobic response at the stationary growth phase of cells is not due to photoreceptor degradation but due to a deficiency of the signal transduction chain in the cell.

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