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Osonost znevýhodněného a vliv jeho subjektivní individuality na vzájemnou interakci s okolní společností

Authors
Publication Date
Keywords
  • Jedince Se Zrakovou Vadou
  • Vliv Znevýhodnění Na Vývoj Osobnosti
  • Zrak
  • Individuals With A Visual Handicap
  • Effect Of Handicap On Personality Development
  • Vision
Disciplines
  • Biology
  • Ecology
  • Education
  • Geography
  • Law

Abstract

My Bachelor´s work deals with personality of a visual handicap individual and his impact on the surrounding society and vice versa. Visually handicapped people represent about 60 000 {--} 100 000 people of all age groups in the Czech Republic whereas about 10% of them are totally blind. These numbers include people with different types and levels of visual perception impairment. A man´s eyesight perceives 70-90-% of all environmental stimuli. This fact classifies visual perception as the most significant human sense organ. Therefore vision loss or reduction in eyesight limit the individual in all areas of his life, in his psychic and physical development, in a personal development and the educational process. A personal development is more or less limited then and becomes less individual, very variable and more dependable on the environment and the mutual interaction. The aim of this work called A Personality of Visually Handicapped Individual and the Impact of His Internal Individuality on Mutual Interaction With Surrounding Society has been to introduce an individual with severe vision handicap to people who are not handicapped. This work is divided into theoretical and practical parts. The theoretical part contains anatomy and physiology of the eye, the description of vision defects, vision defect causes, their classification, the impact of the defect on an individual development and a family acceptance of the problem. It also mentions prevention, education of children with visual handicap, some legislation and the list of compensation aids. The aim of the work and the hypotheses are stated in the practical part. The aim of this work has been to find out what are the attitudes and views of general public towards visually handicapped individuals, if people are affected by prejudice or if they accept these people positively and what positions handicapped people can occupy in the surrounding society, especially in the regions of Hradec Králové and Central Bohemia. I stated two hypotheses. The first hypothesis assume that visually handicapped people are viewed negatively by general public. The second hypothesis says that these negative feelings can, but need not affect the behaviour of the surrounding society to visually handicapped people. Quantitative research methods such as questionnaires completed by healthy population and electronic questioning visually handicapped people were used. The work should become an information material for general public so that healthy population can realise what areas of human activities a visual handicap affects and what influence it has for handicapped people, their families, relations and the surrounding society in general.

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