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Alveolar hemorrhage in a case of fat embolism syndrome: A case report with short systemic review

Authors
Journal
Lung India
0970-2113
Publisher
Medknow Publications
Publication Date
Volume
30
Issue
2
Identifiers
DOI: 10.4103/0970-2113.110427
Keywords
  • Case Report
Disciplines
  • Medicine

Abstract

Fat embolism and fat embolism syndrome (FES) are well-known complications of long bone fracture and surgery involving manipulation of skeletal elements. Many non-traumatic causes of FES have been suggested but they constitute only a small portion. FES presents with classical symptoms of petechiae, hypoxemia, central nervous system symptoms along with other features such as tachycardia and pyrexia. Diagnosis of FES relies on clinical judgment rather than objective findings such as emboli present in the retinal vessels on fundoscopy, fat globules present in urine and sputum, a sudden inexplicable drop in hematocrit or platelet values, increasing erythrocyte sedimentation rate.

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