Affordable Access

Pathogenesis of neonatal hyperbilirubinaemia after induction of labour with oxytocin.

Publication Date
  • Research Article
  • Chemistry
  • Medicine


To determine the pathogenesis of neonatal hyperbilirubinaemia after oxytocin-induced labour venous cord blood from 95 healthy newborn infants was examined. Of these, 15 were delivered by elective caesarean section, 40 after spontaneous labour, and 40 after oxytocin-induced labour. There was no significant difference in any haematological or biochemical variable between the first two groups. Infants born after oxytocin-induced labour, however, showed clear evidence of increased haemolysis associated with significantly decreased erythrocyte deformability (P less than 0.001). In-vitro studies showed a time- and dose-related reduction in erythrocyte deformability in response to oxytocin. The findings suggest that the vasopressin-like action of oxytocin causes osmotic swelling of erythrocytes leading to decreased deformability and hence more rapid destruction with resultant hyperbilirubinaemia in the neonate.

There are no comments yet on this publication. Be the first to share your thoughts.