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Effect of very small additions on the coercivity of Dy-free Nd–Fe–(Co)–B-sintered magnets

Authors
Journal
Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials
0304-8853
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
238
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/s0304-8853(01)00917-9
Keywords
  • Permanent Magnets
  • Nd–Fe–B
  • Powder Blending Technique
  • Sintering
  • Nd-Rich Phase
  • Coercivity

Abstract

Abstract The effect of small substitutions on the coercivity of Nd–Fe–B and Nd–Fe–Co–B-sintered magnets has been investigated. Addition of 0.18 at% Ga was found to be the most effective for improving the coercivity in both Nd–Fe–B and Nd–Fe–Co–B without decreasing much the remanent magnetization. Scanning electron microscopy on Ga-free and Ga-added magnets did not reveal a noticeable difference in phase morphology. However, Fe and especially Co concentrations in the intergranular Nd-rich phase were found to be markedly increased after the small Ga addition. Combined addition of Co with a small amount of Cu did not increase the coercivity of the Dy-free magnets. However, none of the examined very small additives can yet be considered as an alternative to Dy for extending operating temperature range of the high-energy Nd–Fe–B magnets.

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