Abstract d- Xylose is a major component of the carbohydrates derived from agricultural residues and forest products. Among more than two hundred known xylose-utilizing yeasts, only a few species are known to be able to ferment xylose anaerobically. Candida shehatae is one of such xylose-fermenting yeasts. Xylose reductase (E.C. 188.8.131.52) is a key enzyme responsible for xylose metabolism in xylose-utilizing as well as xylose-fermenting yeasts. In this paper, we report the development of a convenient and reliable procedure for the purification of xylose reductase from C. shehatae to near homogeneity. The amino acid composition and N-terminal sequence of the enzyme have also been analyzed. C. shehatae seems to contain only a single xylose reductase, but the enzyme has a dual coenzyme specificity for both NADPH and NADH. The enzyme is remarkably stable at room temperature and 4°C.