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Nonoperative management of liver injuries following blunt abdominal trauma in children

Authors
Journal
Journal of Pediatric Surgery
0022-3468
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
19
Issue
5
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/s0022-3468(84)80093-7
Keywords
  • Hepatic Trauma
Disciplines
  • Biology
  • Communication
  • Medicine

Abstract

In a 4-year span, 12 patients with hepatic trauma were treated at our institution. After initial resuscitation, three underwent emergency celiotomy because of the severity of their injuries. This communication analyses the other nine. All of these had significant liver injuries and were managed nonoperatively. Hepatic injury was diagnosed and the severity defined by ultrasonography, radionuclide scintigraphy, or computed tomography (CT). These stable patients were initially admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) and upon transfer to the ward, maintained on restricted activities. Seven of the nine children received blood transfusions. Although liver enzymes were initially elevated in each case, they returned to normal in 1 week. In-hospital and post-discharge imaging documented healing of the hepatic injuries in each case. Eight children are well at 3 months to 4 years follow-up. Only one of the nine nonoperatively managed patients died and this was secondary to severe head injuries. To date, there are no complications. Our nine children are added to the 23 nonoperatively treated pediatric hepatic injuries found in the literature.

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