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Habitat et genèse villageoise du haut Moyen Age. Exemple d'un terroir du biterrois nord-oriental [L'exemple d'un terroir du Bitterois nord-oriental]

Archéologie du Midi médiéval
PERSEE Program
DOI: 10.3406/amime.1992.1222


The extensive study of a communal local seulement of the central Languedoc region, allows the steps of the medieval village structuring to be evoked. The future of the main establishment of the late antiquity, like the perched Carolingian church, the «villa cum turre», the «castrum», the priory, the «villa» and the monastic parish, constitute steps that the inquiry intends to describe, by means of a diversified approach (study of texts and land registers of the XIXth century, surface survey, monument analysis, toponymy). This work joins in other respects the study of a micro-region : the Lodévois (region of Lodève) and the north-eastern enclave of the Béliers viscountey. This work aims to reveal the role of the big monasteries of Aniane and Gellone, in the elaboration of the village structure and the local parish, by moderating the castle influence in its capacity to regroup the seulement. On these transition lands between the littoral coast and the mountainous hinterland, between Languedoc and Rouergue, the polynuclearisation of the space is a fact which moreover characterizes the landscape ofthe XIIth century. The identification of a village structure on a square layout, often designed by an hagiotoponym, also indicates the originality of the micro- region, and would intro duce a survey allowing the local specificities of the Languedocian village regrouping to beemphasized progressively.

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