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Functional Response ofColeomegilla maculata(Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) to Colorado Potato Beetle Eggs (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae)

Authors
Journal
Biological Control
1049-9644
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
8
Issue
3
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1006/bcon.1997.0509
Keywords
  • Coleomegilla Maculata
  • Leptinotarsa Decemlineata
  • Solanum Tuberosum
  • Colorado Potato Beetle
  • Predation
  • Functional Response
Disciplines
  • Ecology
  • Geography

Abstract

Abstract A comparative study of the functional response of Coleomegilla maculataDeGeer (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) fourth instars was conducted under laboratory, greenhouse, and field conditions. In the laboratory, individual larvae were placed in 9-cm petri dishes for 24 h, with 1, 3, 5, or 7 Colorado potato beetle ( Leptinotarsa decemlineata[Say]) (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) egg masses. Each egg mass was standardized at 15 eggs. In the greenhouse and field, C. maculatalarvae were provided with an equivalent of 0.5 to 35 L. decemlineataegg masses/m 2of potato leaf. Fourth instars of C. maculataexhibited a type II functional response to L. decemlineataeggs under laboratory, greenhouse, and field conditions. Predator search efficiency was inversely related with prey density. The maximum mean attack rate (8.7 eggs) by C. maculatalarvae in the field was about half the mean attack rate in the laboratory (17.6 eggs) and greenhouse (20.1 eggs). The difference in prey density between the laboratory and field seems to have been a major contributing factor in determining the rate of predation, whereas differences in environmental conditions (e.g., temperature and possible alternate food) may explain the differences observed in the predation rate in the greenhouse and field.

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