Affordable Access

Publisher Website

Pregnancy-Associated Breast Cancer: Significance of Early Detection

Authors
Journal
Journal of Midwifery & Women s Health
1526-9523
Publisher
Wiley Blackwell (Blackwell Publishing)
Publication Date
Volume
54
Issue
5
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.jmwh.2008.12.007
Keywords
  • Delayed Diagnosis
  • Early Detection
  • Improved Outcomes
  • Pregnancy-Associated Breast Cancer
Disciplines
  • Biology
  • Medicine

Abstract

Pregnancy-associated breast cancer (PABC) is defined as cancer of the breast diagnosed during pregnancy and up to 1 year postpartum. Delays in diagnosis are frequently associated with increased morbidity and mortality. The aim of this article is to determine the significance of early detection of PABC and to alert health care providers to include PABC in the differential diagnosis when evaluating a breast mass in the perinatal period. This integrative literature review evaluated 15 research studies by using the hypothetical deductive model of clinical reasoning to determine factors related to diagnosis of PABC. As women delay childbearing, the incidence of PABC increases with age. In the reviewed studies, breast cancer was diagnosed with greater frequency in the postpartum period than during any trimester in pregnancy. Delay in diagnosis is complicated by axillary lymph node metastasis, high-grade tumors at diagnosis, and poor outcomes. Early detection is a significant predictor of improved outcomes. Diagnostic modalities such as ultrasound, mammography, and biopsy can be safely used for diagnostic purposes in the evaluation of potential cases of PABC during pregnancy.

There are no comments yet on this publication. Be the first to share your thoughts.

Statistics

Seen <100 times
0 Comments

More articles like this

Early detection of breast cancer.

on The Medical journal of Austral... Sep 24, 1977
More articles like this..