Abstract 15 nitrobenzofurazans and 10 nitrobenzofuroxans synthesized primarily for testing as potential anti-rheumatic drugs were also tested for mutagenicity in Salmonella typhimurium strains TA98 and TA100. The method used involved placing each compound in a “well” cut out of a plate of selective medium previously seeded with the appropriate tester strain, and then adding a rat liver microsome/cofactor mixture to one of the two wells on each plate. This method is considerably cheaper and more convenient than the conventional agar overlay technique, but in the present series of experiments failed to detect 4 compounds which could be detected by the overlay technique. Using a combination of the two techniques, 21 of the 25 compounds tested were found to be mutagenic. All 10 benzofuroxans and 9 of the 15 benzofurazans were detected as direct-acting mutagens with at least one of the two tester strains. Two of the benzofurazans gave positive results only in the presence of rat liver microsomes, and hence are pro-mutagens. One of the 4 benzofurazans which gave negative results for mutagenicity in these tests was found to be an efficient inhibitor of a neutral protease activity found in rheumatic synovial fluid, and may therefore have some potential as an anti-rheumatic drug.