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The influence of the SPEED bracket's self-ligating design on force levels in tooth movement: A comparative in vitro study

American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
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  • Design


Abstract In the SPEED bracket system the arch wire is retained in the arch wire slot by means of a built-in, escape-proof, flexible spring clip. Unlike the traditional edgewise bracket, it requires no ligature tie, thus ostensibly reducing the frictional force generated by the more-established elastomeric or steel-tie ligature systems. An in vitro study was designed to compare the level of force required to move four distinct arch wires a similar distance, on six occasions, through four ligated bracket systems and the self-ligated SPEED bracket. The results consistently demonstrated a significant decrease in the force level required for the SPEED bracket with all four arch wires when compared with elastomeric and steel-tie ligation in both metal and plastic bracket systems. (A M J O RTHOD D ENTOFAC O RTHOP 1990;97:219-28.)

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