Affordable Access

Hepatic Vascular Exclusion With Preservation of the Caval Flow for Liver Resections

Annals of Surgery
Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer) - Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Publication Date
  • Advances In Surgical Technique
  • Medicine


Objective To report the technique and results of an alternative method of vascular clamping during liver resections. Background Most liver resections require vascular clamping to avoid excessive blood loss. Portal triad clamping is often sufficient, but it does not suppress backflow bleeding, which can be prevented only by hepatic vascular exclusion. The latter method adds clamping of the inferior vena cava, which results in hypotension, requiring invasive anesthetic management. There is growing evidence that intermittent clamping is better tolerated than continuous clamping, especially in the presence of underlying liver disease. Methods Hepatic vascular exclusion with preservation of the caval flow (HVEPC) involved conventional inflow clamping associated with outflow control by clamping the major hepatic veins, thus avoiding caval occlusion. HVEPC was used in 40 patients undergoing major or complex liver resection, including 16 with underlying liver disease. HVEPC was total (clamping of the porta hepatis and all major hepatic veins) in 20 cases and partial (clamping of the porta hepatis and the hepatic veins of the resected territory) in 20. Clamping was continuous in 22 cases and intermittent in 18. Resections included 12 hemihepatectomies, 12 extended hepatectomies, 3 central hepatectomies, and 13 uni- or bisegmentectomies. Results Hemodynamic tolerance of clamping was excellent in all cases, without the need for therapeutic adjustment. Median red cell transfusion requirements were 0 units, and 28 patients (70%) did not receive any transfusions during the hospital stay. There were no deaths, and the morbidity rate was 17.5%. Median hospital stay was 10 days. Conclusion HVEPC is a safe and effective procedure applicable to liver tumors without invasion to the inferior vena cava. It offers the advantages of conventional hepatic vascular exclusion without its hemodynamic drawbacks, and it can be applied intermittently or partially.

There are no comments yet on this publication. Be the first to share your thoughts.