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Unipedal Balance Is Affected by Lower Extremity Joint Arthroplasty Procedure 1 Year Following Surgery

Authors
Journal
The Journal of Arthroplasty
0883-5403
Publisher
Elsevier
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.arth.2014.08.031
Keywords
  • Single Leg Balance
  • Total Joint Arthroplasty
  • Loading Asymmetry
  • Lower Extremity Osteoarthritis
  • Proprioception
Disciplines
  • Medicine

Abstract

Abstract Lower Extremity Joint Arthroplasty (LEJA) surgery is an effective way to alleviate painful osteoarthritis. Unfortunately, these surgeries do not normalize the loading asymmetry during the single leg stance phase of gait. Therefore, we examined single leg balance in 234 TJA patients (75 hips, 65 knees, 94 ankles) approximately 12 months following surgery. Patients passed if they maintained single leg balance for 10s with their eyes open. Patients one year following total hip arthroplasty (THA-63%) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA-69%) had similar pass rates compared to a total ankle arthroplasty (TAA-9%). Patients following THA and TKA exhibit better unilateral balance in comparison with TAA patients. It may be beneficial to include a rigorous proprioception and balance training program in TAA patients to optimize functional outcomes.

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