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New insights into ER stress-induced insulin resistance

Authors
Journal
Trends in Endocrinology and Metabolism
1043-2760
Publisher
Elsevier
Volume
23
Issue
8
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.tem.2012.06.003
Disciplines
  • Medicine

Abstract

Insulin resistance is a major characteristic of obesity and type 2 diabetes (T2DM). During the last decade, endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress has emerged as a new player in this field and a considerable number of recent studies have pointed out its role in the onset of insulin resistance (IR). ER stress appears to act directly as a negative modulator of the insulin signaling pathway but also indirectly by promoting lipid accumulation. This review aims to summarize and decipher the abundant new literature concerning the emerging and multifaceted involvement of ER stress in the development of metabolic dysfunctions in insulin target tissues.

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