This article analyses the negative effects unemployment has on the relationship between the individual and his neighbourhood. Many research projects both in Yugoslavia and abroad have shown that unemployment influences the relations between the individual and his primary groups, i. e. it can have a destructive influence on family life, weaken relations with friends, neighbours and the community in general. We started from the hypothesis that unemployment has a destructive influence on neighbourhood relations. The results of research into unemployment performed at the end of 1985 in Croatia partly confirmed this hypothesis. About 81% of the respondents included in the enquiry considered that their relations with their neighbours, from the aspect of mutual help, visiting etc., remained the same as when they had been employed. About 3% of the respondents considered that the relations had improved, about 10% of them considered that they had deteriorated after unemployment. The research results show that changes in neighbourhood relations during unemployment occur more frequently in some categories of the population. These are in the first place men, people aged between 31 and 40, those who have been unemployed for longer periods of time and people of a lower socio-economic status.