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Control of Tuberculosis in Chile, 1952 *

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Microsoft PowerPoint - DiabetesTB.ppt TUBERCULOSIS & DIABETES COLLABORATIVE FRAMEWORK FOR CARE AND CONTROL OF TUBERCULOSIS AND DIABETES © WHO Sept 2011 For more information: DIABETES FACTS: • 350 million people have diabetes • Diabetes prevalence is similar in both high- and low-income countries • Over 80% of diabetes deaths occur in low- and middle- income countries • It is predicted that global diabetes prevalence will increase by 50% by 2030 THE LINKS BETWEEN TUBERCULOSIS AND DIABETES • People with a weak immune system, as a result of chronic diseases such as diabetes, are at a higher risk of progressing from latent to active TB • People with diabetes have a 2-3 times higher risk of TB compared to people without diabetes • About 10% of TB cases globally are linked to diabetes • A large proportion of people with diabetes as well as TB is not diagnosed, or is diagnosed too late. Early detection can help improve care and control of both • All people with TB should be screened for diabetes • Screening for TB in people with diabetes should be considered, particularly in settings with high TB prevalence • People with diabetes who are diagnosed with TB have a higher risk of death during TB treatment and of TB relapse after treatment. WHO-recommended treatments should be rigorously implemented for people with TB/diabetes • Diabetes is complicated by the presence of infectious diseases, including TB. It is important that proper care for diabetes is provided to those that are suffering from TB/diabetes Prevalence of diabetes in adults aged 25+ by WHO region and World Bank Income Group, 2008 Estimated tuberculosis incidence, by country, 2009 TUBERCULOSIS FACTS: • More than 9 million people fall sick with tuberculosis (TB) every year • Over 1.5 million die from TB every year, which the vast majority of deaths in the developing world • One in three people in the world is infected with latent TB. People

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