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1 alpha, 25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3 and analogues of vitamin D3 induce alkaline phosphatase activity in osteoblastic cells derived from newborn mouse calvaria.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of biochemistry
Publication Date
Volume
94
Issue
4
Pages
1127–1132
Identifiers
PMID: 6317662
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

In order to study the effects of vitamin D metabolites on bone metabolism, clone MC3T3-E1 cells, which have retained osteoblastic activity, were cultured with various concentrations of the hormone, 1 alpha, 25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1 alpha, 25 (OH)2D3]. A physiological concentration of 1 alpha, 25 (OH)2D3 stimulated alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity in the cells. Other metabolites--1 alpha, 24-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1 alpha, 24 (OH)2D3], 1 alpha-hydroxyvitamin D3 [1 alpha (OH)D3], and 24R,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [24R,25 (OH)2D3]--also induced increases in ALP activity in a dose-dependent fashion. However, their effective concentrations were 100 or 1,000 times greater than that of 1 alpha, 25 (OH)2D3. Hormone-induced and native ALP activities in the cells were of the same type as that found in newborn mouse calvaria; that is, they were heat-labile, L-homoarginine- and levamisole-sensitive, and L-phenylalanine-insensitive (liver-bone-kidney type). These results show that vitamin D metabolites stimulate bone formation in vitro and that they may be involved in bone formation in vivo as well.

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