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Various musculoskeletal manifestations of chronic renal insufficiency

Authors
Journal
Clinical Radiology
0009-9260
Publisher
Elsevier
Volume
68
Issue
7
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.crad.2013.01.025
Disciplines
  • Medicine

Abstract

Musculoskeletal manifestations in chronic renal insufficiency are caused by complex bone metabolism alterations, now described under the umbrella term of chronic kidney disease mineral- and bone-related disorder (CKD-MBD), as well as iatrogenic processes related to renal replacement treatment. Radiological imaging remains the mainstay of disease assessment. This review aims to illustrate the radiological features of CKD-MBD, such as secondary hyperparathyroidism, osteomalacia, adynamic bone disease, soft-tissue calcifications; as well as features associated with renal replacement therapy, such as aluminium toxicity, secondary amyloidosis, destructive spondyloarthropathy, haemodialysis-related erosive arthropathy, tendon rupture, osteonecrosis, and infection.

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