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Stage-dependent viability of vitrified rabbit embryos

Authors
Journal
Theriogenology
0093-691X
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
31
Issue
6
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/0093-691x(89)90092-7
Keywords
  • Vitrification
  • Embryo
  • Development Stage
  • Rabbit

Abstract

Abstract The aim of the work was to determine the susceptibility of rabbit embryos to vitrification at different developmental stages. The experiment was carried out on 676 embryos at 1-, 2- and 8-to 16-cell stages as well as the morula and blastocyst stages. As a vitrification medium, a mixture of 30% 1,2-propanediol + 30% glycerol (Solution I), or 35% 1,2-propanediol + 35% glycerol (Solution II), was used. The embryos were frozen in glass ampules placed in nitrogen vapour for 5 min before being plunged into liquid nitrogen. Dilution after rapid thawing was done in one step in a 1-M sucrose solution. After vitrification in Solution I, none of the 1- or 2-cell embryos survived, whereas the survival rate of 8-to 16-cell embryos, morula and blastocysts, was 23.0, 82.7 and 78.5%, respectively. After vitrification in Solution II, the survival rate of 1-, 2- and 8-to 16-cell embryos was 20.0, 43.8 and 92.9%, respectively. The proportion of live offspring on the Day 28 after transfer of 68 vitrified morula was 26.5% compared with 24.0% in the control group. Thus, the proposed vitrification procedures can be useful in the cryopreservation of rabbit embryos.

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