Publisher Summary There are limited data on the ability of nutritional interventions to improve skeletal outcomes in men. Reductions in fracture have been shown only for calcium and vitamin D in older individuals and for combination folate and B12 supplements in stroke patients. There are a few data suggesting that energy and protein supplements reduce complications following hip fracture. However, while dietary counseling has been shown to improve calcium intake in patients with osteoporotic fractures, counseling was not successful in improving protein or energy intake, even in a population with low intakes at baseline. Thus, there remains considerable work to be done, both in conducting rigorous randomized trials of nutritional interventions for bone outcomes, but also in developing successful strategies to implement those interventions.