Affordable Access

Publisher Website

Mineralogical composition, copper and d18O at DSDP Site 59-448

Publication Date
DOI: 10.1594/pangaea.821203
  • -
  • 59-448
  • 59-448A
  • Atomic Absorption Spectrometry (Aas)
  • Bromine Pentafluoride Procedure (Clayton And Mayeda
  • 1963)
  • Carb
  • Carbonate
  • Clay
  • Vs
  • Smow
  • Clay Min
  • Clay Minerals
  • Comment
  • Copper
  • Cu
  • D18O
  • Deep Sea Drilling Project
  • Delta 18O
  • Drilling
  • Dsdp
  • Glomar Challenger
  • Label
  • Leg59
  • Lithologic Unit/Sequence
  • Mineralization
  • Minerals
  • North Pacific/Philippine Sea/Ridge
  • Odp Sample Designation
  • Other Secondary
  • Piece
  • Rock
  • Rock Type
  • Sample Code/Label
  • Unit
  • Whole Rock
  • Vs
  • Smow
  • X-Ray Diffraction
  • Zeo
  • Zeolite
  • Chemistry
  • Earth Science
  • Geography


Alteration in a submarine remnant volcanic arc should leave an important record of (1) the mineralogy of sea water-volcanic arc rock interaction; (2) the chemistry of solid reaction products; (3) the isotopic characteristics of such reactions (Muehlenbachs and Clayton, 1972; Spooner, Beckinsale, et al , 1977; Spooner, Chapman, et al., 1977); (4) the metallogenesis within such a sequence (Mitchell and Bell, 1973); and (5) the geothermal gradient during the alteration. The volcaniclastic breccias, tuffs, and igneous units of Sites 448 (993 m) and 451 (930.5 m) on the Palau-Kyushu and West Mariana ridges, respectively, are particularly suited for such studies because the thick sequences have remained submarine throughout their history, seemingly unaffected by magmatic or hydrothermal events after cessation of volcanic activity. Also, shipboard observations indicated a change in alteration products with depth. At both sites the igneous units and volcaniclastic rocks were altered to brownish clays and zeolites near the top of the volcanic sequence; to bright blue green clays and zeolites at moderate depths; and to very dark, nearly opaque, forest green clays and zeolites at still greater depths. Native copper occurs both as disseminated pockets in the volcaniclastic breccias and vesicular basalts and as veins in the breccias; native copper is restricted to stratigraphic levels characterized by the absence of sulfides or oxides of copper and iron. Although some native copper is found in vesicles of basalts and may be orthomagmatic, most of it is clearly secondary. Near dikes and sills, higher sulfur fugacity conditions caused the precipitation of iron and copper sulfides with an absence of native copper (Garrels and Christ, 1965). The occurrence of native copper may be an initial stage of Cu metallogenesis that forms porphyry coppers in island arcs (Mitchell and Bell, 1973). This study will address primarily the possibility that hydrothermal sea water interaction with volcanic arc rocks has created the mineralogical and isotopic zonation in Leg 59 cores. Hydrothermal activity can be expected in a rapidly growing island arc and is probably the result of a high geothermal gradient prevalent during arc magmatic activity. The chemical character of the alteration is further discussed by Hajash (1981).

There are no comments yet on this publication. Be the first to share your thoughts.