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Pregnancy-associated glycoprotein (PAG) family localized in chorionic cells within the epitheliochorial/diffuse placenta of the alpaca (Lama pacos)

Authors
Journal
Acta Histochemica
0065-1281
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
113
Issue
5
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.acthis.2010.06.002
Keywords
  • Alpaca
  • Chorion
  • Lama Pacos
  • Pregnancy-Associated Glycoproteins
  • Trophectoderm
  • Placenta
Disciplines
  • Biology
  • Chemistry

Abstract

Abstract Pregnancy-associated glycoproteins (PAGs) are abundant embryo-originated products expressed in the pre-placental trophoblast and later in the post-implantational chorionic epithelium of some ungulate species. This paper describes the cellular immunolocalization of the chorionic PAG family in the epitheliochorial placenta type of the alpaca ( Lama pacos—Lp), in which the PAGs were named ‘LpPAGs’. Placental Lp sections (5 μm) of different females near mid-pregnancy (150 days post coitum; dpc), advanced pregnancy (244–263 dpc) and late pregnancy (347 dpc) were used for cross-species (heterologous—ht) double fluorescent immunohistochemistry (htdF-IHC). The htdF-IHC was performed with primary rabbit polyvalent anti-porcine PAG polyclonals. The LpPAG immuno-complexes were visualized with secondary goat anti-rabbit immunoglobulins-conjugated with Alexa 488 fluorophore (green), among all nuclei of placental cells stained with propidium iodide (red). This is the first study reporting the immunolocalization of the LpPAG family identified by htdF-IHC at the feto/maternal interface during different pregnancy stages of the alpaca. The most dominant and strongest immune-positive LpPAG signals were found in the well-developed chorionic cell layer. Our htdF-IHC indicated relatively high epitope resemblance to that of the PAGs in camelids and pigs. These data increase our general knowledge of chorionic PAG localization during pregnancy-stage dependent development of the epitheliochorial diffuse placenta type in the alpaca.

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