Abstract 1. 1. The four crystallins of the gray squirrel lens have been characterized using gel filtration chromatography, polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, and immunoblotting. Alpha, beta-heavy, beta-light, and gamma crystallins of squirrel lenses have been identified immunologically, and they cross-react strongly with rabbit polyclonal antibodies. The gamma-24 crystallin of the squirrel lens also reacts strongly with monoclonal anti-human lens gamma-24, as shown by its inhibition of the ELISA reaction by 85%. 2. 2. The water-insoluble urea soluble proteins represent non-covalently associated species of soluble crystallins and the lens cytoskeletal proteins. The membrane intrinsic protein in the urea insoluble pellet has a mol. wt of 27,000 but other lower and higher mol. wt components are also present, which were removed by washing with 0.1 NaOH. The N-terminal 30 amino acid of squirrel lens gamma crystallin was found to be identical to that of the bovine (and human) lens. 3. 3. Measurements of the distribution and state of SH and SS compounds in the squirrel lens have shown greater similarities to those of primates than those of rodents. The findings show that on the basis of both protein and sulfur chemistry the squirrel lens is a representative model for studies of oxidative lens changes in diurnal animals, including man.