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Spatio-temporal abundance and dispersal of <em>Culicoides</em>

Authors
Publisher
Technical University of Denmark
Publication Date
Keywords
  • Dette Phd Projekt Omhandler Studier Af Mitter I Danmark I Forbindelse Med Vektorbårne Sygdomme
  • I 2007 Og 2008 Havde Vi I Danmark Udbrud Af Bluetongue<Br/>Virus (Btv) Som Spredes Med Mitter
  • Btv Rammer DrøVtyggere Som F
  • Eks
  • KøEr Og Får
  • Og Symptomerne Er Bl
  • A
  • Feber
  • øDemer
  • Blåfarvning Af Tungen Samt<Br/>Nedsat MæLkeydelse
  • I 2011 Og 2012 Blev Der Desuden I Danmark Konstateret Den Nyligt Opdagede Schmallenberg Virus (Sbv)
  • Symptomerne På Sbv Ligner Symptomerne På Bluetongue
  • Men Inkluderer Desuden En Stor Forekomst Af Deforme Og DøDføDte Lam
  • For At Kunne Teste Forskellige Scenarier Med Henblik På Kontrol Og Udryddelse Af Sådanne Sygdomme
  • Under Og Efter Et Udbrud
  • Disse Modeller Bygger På Parametre Som Beskriver Mitternes AdfæRd Og Forekomst
  • Det F
  • Eks
  • Er AfgøRende Hvor Mange Mitter Der I Et Område
  • Hvis Der Er Mange Mitter Spredes Sygdommen Hurtigere Og Mere Effektivt End Hvis Der Er Få
  • I Dette Phd Projekt Er Forskellige NøGleparametre For Mitternes AdfæRd UndersøGt
  • This Phd Project Comprises Studies Of Biting Midges (Culicoides) In Denmark With Regards To Vector-B
  • Both Diseases Are New In Northern Europe
  • In Denmark There Was An Outbreak Of Btv In 2007 And 2008
  • Btv Infects Ruminants
  • And Especially Infected Sheep And Cattle Are Constitute A Problem For Farmers
  • The Symptoms Of Btv Include Fever
  • Cyanotic Tongue
  • Oedemas And Decreased Milk Production
  • The Last Symptom Affects The Economy And Animal Welfare In The Farming Industry
  • In 2011 And 2012
  • Outbreaks Of Sbv Were Also Recorded In Denmark
  • The Symptoms Of Sbv Are Similar To Btv But Also Include A High Proportion Of Malformations And Still
  • Models Of Vector-Borne Diseases Can Be Used To Predict An Outbreak And Evaluate E
  • G
  • The Optimal Control Strategy
  • The Economic Impact And The Number Of Infected Animals
  • These Models Need To Have Proper Input Regarding The Abundance And Behavior Of The Vectors
  • If No Vectors Are Present Inan Area
  • The Disease Will Not Spread
  • Thus The Vector Abundance Is A Very Important Factor For Models Of Vector-Borne Diseases
  • This Phd Project Investigates Different Key Factors Important For The Abundance And Behavior Of Vect
Disciplines
  • Economics
  • Medicine

Abstract

Spatio-temporal abundance and dispersal of Culicoides - DTU Orbit (26/04/14) Spatio-temporal abundance and dispersal of Culicoides - DTU Orbit (26/04/14) Spatio-temporal abundance and dispersal of Culicoides This PhD project comprises studies of biting midges (Culicoides) in Denmark with regards to vector-borne diseases such as bluetongue virus (BTV) and Schmallenberg virus (SBV). Both diseases are new in northern Europe. In Denmark there was an outbreak of BTV in 2007 and 2008. BTV infects ruminants, and especially infected sheep and cattle are constitute a problem for farmers. The symptoms of BTV include fever, cyanotic tongue, oedemas and decreased milk production. The last symptom affects the economy and animal welfare in the farming industry. In 2011 and 2012, outbreaks of SBV were also recorded in Denmark. The symptoms of SBV are similar to BTV but also include a high proportion of malformations and stillbirths in lambs. Models of vector-borne diseases can be used to predict an outbreak and evaluate e.g. the optimal control strategy, the economic impact and the number of infected animals. These models need to have proper input regarding the abundance and behavior of the vectors. If no vectors are present in an area, the disease will not spread. Thus the vector abundance is a very important factor for models of vector-borne diseases. This PhD project investigates different key factors important for the abundance and behavior of vectors. General information State: Published Organisations: National Veterinary Institute, Section for Epidemiology, Department of Applied Mathematics and Computer Science , Statistics and Data Analysis Authors: Kirkeby, C. (Intern), Lind, P. (Intern), Bødker, R. (Intern), Stockmarr, A. (Intern) Number of pages: 169 Publication date: 2013 Publication information Place of publication: Kgs. Lyngby Publisher: Technical University of Denmark ISBN (Print): 978-87-992685-1-1 Original language: English Series: VET-PHD Main Research Area: Technical/natural scien

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