Abstract The most common gene fusion (up to 25%) in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is that between ETV6 and RUNX1 (previously TEL and AML1, respectively; we here use the old nomenclature, for ease of reference to the literature). We determined the incidence of TEL/AML1 translocation with reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and flow-cytometric immunophenotyping of newly diagnosed pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia patients in Thailand. The TEL/AML1 fusion genes were cloned into plasmids and sequenced. The variant found was confirmed with restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) using SphI restriction endonuclease. Of 35 ALL patients, we found an incidence of 8.6% of TEL/AML1 translocation in ALL patients (12% of B-lineage ALL), which is lower than that reported in caucasians but is similar to that reported in Japanese and Koreans. All the translocation-positive patients had B-lineage common ALL, expressing CD10+. Interestingly, the two TEL/AML1 subclones were CD20 negative, and one subclone expressed a myelocytic marker (CD33 +). Two TEL/AML1 subclones from bone marrow of ALL patients were isolated and sequenced. One was a wild type and the other was a variant having A→G substitution at nucleotide 73 from the 5′ end. The substitution nucleotide was located in the AML1 region. The clinical relevance of the variant is to be investigated.