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Geochemistry of the oceanic crust from ocean drilling samples

Authors
Publisher
PANGAEA
Publication Date
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1594/pangaea.729497
Keywords
  • ?
  • /Calcite
  • (Calcite)
  • (Hornblende)
  • 103-637A
  • 104-642E
  • 106-648B
  • 111-504B
  • 115-706C
  • 115-707C
  • 115-713A
  • 115-715A
  • 118-735B
  • 120-747C
  • 121-756D
  • 121-757C
  • 121-758A
  • 123-765D
  • 124-768C
  • 124-770C
  • 125-779A
  • 125-780C
  • 125-786B
  • 126-791B
  • 126-792E
  • 126-793B
  • 127-794C
  • 127-795B
  • 127-797C
  • 128-794D
  • 129-801B
  • 129-801C
  • 135-834B
  • 137-504B
  • 139-855A
  • 139-855B
  • 139-855D
  • 139-856A
  • 139-856B
  • 139-857C
  • 139-857D
  • 139-858F
  • 139-858G
  • 140-504B
  • 143-865A
  • 143-866A
  • 144-871C
  • 144-872B
  • 144-872C
  • 144-874B
  • 144-875C
  • 144-876A
  • 144-878A
  • 148-504B
  • 169-1037B
  • 169-1038I
  • 169-856H
  • 183-1136A
  • 183-1137A
  • 183-1138A
  • 183-1140A
  • 19-191
  • 19-192A
  • 2
  • 26-254
  • 33-317A
  • 37-332B
  • 51-417A
  • 52-418A
  • 53-418A
  • 55-430A
  • 55-432A
  • 55-433A
  • 55-433C
  • 59-447A
  • 59-448
  • 59-448A
  • 59-449
  • 60-453
  • 60-454A
  • 60-458
  • 60-459B
  • 61-462
  • 61-462A
  • 62-465A
  • 63-469
  • 63-471
  • 63-473
  • 64-477
  • 65-483B
  • 65-485A
  • 69-504B
  • 70-504B
  • 72-516F
  • 74-525A
  • 74-527
  • 74-528
  • 83-504B
  • 9
  • 3A-Min
  • 9
  • 3 Angstroem Mineral
  • 9
  • 4A-Min
  • 9
  • 4 Angstroem Mineral
  • 91-595B
  • Al
  • Al2O3
  • Aluminium
  • Aluminium Oxide
  • Amp
  • Amphibole
  • Analcime
  • Ank
  • Ankerite
  • Anl
  • Ap
  • Apatite
  • Aragonite
  • Archive Of Ocean Data
  • Arcod
  • Arg
  • B
  • B
  • Ba
  • Barium
  • B - Lattice Parameter
  • Boron
  • Ca
  • Caesium
  • Cal
  • Calcification Rate Of Carbon
  • Calcite
  • Calcium
  • Calcium Oxide
  • Calc Rate C
  • Calculated
  • Cao
  • Carb
  • Carbonate
  • Carbon Dioxide
  • Ce
  • Celadonite
  • Cerium
  • Chabazite
  • Chl
  • Chlorite
  • Chlorite-Smectite
  • Chl-Smec
  • Chromium
  • Clay
  • Co
  • Co2
  • Cobalt
  • Comm 2
  • Comm 3
  • Comm 4
  • Comment
  • Comment 2 (Continued)
  • Comment 3 (Continued)
  • Comment 4 (Continued)
  • Copper
  • Corrensite
  • Corrensite-Like Mineral
  • Cr
  • Cristobalite
  • Crst
  • Cs
  • Cu
  • Deep Sea Drilling Project
  • Density
  • Description
  • Dol
  • Dolomite
  • Drilling
  • Dsdp
  • Dy
  • Dysprosium
  • Electron Diffraction
  • Er
  • Erbium
  • Escanaba Trough
  • North Pacific Ocean
  • Eu
  • Europium
  • Fe
  • Fe2+
  • Fe2O3
  • Fe2O3/Feo
  • Fe3+
  • Feo
  • Fe Oxide
  • Fe-Oxides And Hydroxides
  • Flow
  • Flow Unit
  • Ga
  • Gadolinium
  • Gallium
  • Gd
  • Ge
  • Germanium
  • Glomar Challenger
  • Gyps
  • Gypsum
  • H2O
  • H2O-
  • H2O- (So In The Original)
  • H2O+
  • H2O+ (So In The Original)
  • Hafnium
  • Hematite
  • Hematite
  • Fe2O3
  • Heul
  • Heulandite
  • Hf
  • Ho
  • Holmium
  • Hydromica
  • Icp-Ms
  • Inductively Coupled Plasma - Mass Spectrometry
  • Ill
  • Illite
  • Indian Ocean
  • Indian Ocean//Ridge
  • Iron
  • Iron 2+
  • Iron 3+
  • Iron Oxide
  • Iron Oxide
  • Fe2O3
  • Iron Oxide
  • Fe2O3/Iron Oxide
  • Feo Ratio
  • Iron Oxide
  • Feo
  • Japan Sea
  • Joides Resolution
  • K
  • K2O
  • Kalifeldspar
  • Kaol
  • Kaolinite
  • Kfsp
  • La
  • Label
  • Lab No
  • Lakshadweep Sea
  • Lanthanum
  • Laubman
  • Laubmannite
  • Lead
  • Leg103
  • Leg104
  • Leg106
  • Leg111
  • Leg115
  • Leg118
  • Leg120
  • Leg121
  • Leg123
  • Leg124
  • Leg125
  • Leg126
  • Leg127
  • Leg128
  • Leg129
  • Leg135
  • Leg137
  • Leg139
  • Leg140
  • Leg143
  • Leg144
  • Leg148
  • Leg169
  • Leg183
  • Leg19
  • Leg26
  • Leg33
  • Leg37
  • Leg51
  • Leg52
  • Leg53
  • Leg55
  • Leg59
  • Leg60
  • Leg61
  • Leg62
  • Leg63
  • Leg64
  • Leg65
  • Leg69
  • Leg72
  • Leg74
  • Leg83
  • Leg91
  • Lithologic Unit/Sequence
  • Lithology
  • Lithology/Composition/Facies
  • Loi
  • Loss Of Ignition
  • Loss On Ignition
  • Lu
  • Lutetium
  • Magnesium
  • Magnesium Oxide
  • Manganese
  • Manganese Oxide
  • Matter From Vesicles
  • Matter Of Vesicles Or Veins
  • Mesolite
  • Mg
  • Mgo
  • Microprobe
  • Mindanao Sea
  • Minerals
  • Mixed-Layer
  • Mixed-Layer Chlorite-Smectite Minerals With Swelling Interlayers From 10-15% Up To 50%
  • Mixed-Layer Chlorite-Swelling
  • Mixed-Layer Smectite-Swelling
  • Mixed-Layer Swelling
  • Mixed-Layer Vermiculite-Hydromica Mineral
  • Mn
  • Mn-Mineral
  • Mno
  • Mo
  • Molybdenum
  • Na
  • Na2O
  • Natrolite
  • Nb
  • Nd
  • Neodymium
  • Ni
  • Nickel
  • Niobium
  • North Atlantic/Cont Rise
  • North Atlantic/Valley
  • North Atlantic Ocean
  • North Pacific/Bering Strait/Basin
  • North Pacific/Cont Rise
  • North Pacific/Escarpment
  • North Pacific/Fan
  • North Pacific/Gulf Of California/Basin
  • North Pacific/Gulf Of California/Cont Rise
  • North Pacific/Gulf Of California/Sediment Pond
  • North Pacific/Guyot
  • North Pacific/Philippine Sea/Basin
  • North Pacific/Philippine Sea/Ridge
  • North Pacific/Seamount
  • North Pacific/Sediment Pond
  • North Pacific/Terrace
  • North Pacific/Trench
  • North Pacific Ocean
  • Norwegian Sea
  • Ocean Drilling Program
  • Odp
  • Odp Sample Designation
  • P
  • P2O5
  • Pb
  • Petrographic
  • Phases
  • Phil
  • Philippine Sea
  • Phillipsite
  • Phosphorus
  • Phosphorus Oxide
  • Piece
  • Polytype
  • Potassium
  • Potassium Oxide
  • Pr
  • Praseodymium
  • Prehnite
  • Prh
  • Quartz
  • Radiochemical Neutron Activation Analysis (Rnaa)
  • Rb
  • Rock
  • Rock Type
  • Rubidium
  • S
  • Samarium
  • Sample
  • Optional Label/Labor No
  • Sample Code/Label
  • Sample Type
  • Samp Type
  • Saponite Type Or Mixed-Layer Smectite-Illite Mineral With Mica Layers (Up To 10-20%)
  • Sc
  • Scandium
  • Serpentine
  • Si
  • Sid
  • Siderite
  • Silicon
  • Silicon Dioxide
  • Sio2
  • Sm
  • Smec
  • Smec-Chl
  • Smectite
  • Smectite-Chlorite
  • Sn
  • Sodium
  • Sodium Oxide
  • So In The Original
  • South Atlantic
  • South Atlantic/Cont Rise
  • South Atlantic/Crest
  • South Atlantic/Ridge
  • South Indian Ridge
  • South Indian Ocean
  • South Pacific
  • South Pacific/Plateau
  • South Pacific Ocean
  • Sr
  • Srp
  • Stilbite
  • Stlb
  • Strontium
  • Sulf
  • Sulfide Minerals
  • Sulphur
  • Sulphur
  • Total
  • Sulu Sea
  • Sum
  • Sum
  • Swelling
  • Swelling Chlorite
  • Swelling Mixed-Layer
  • Ta
  • Talc
  • Tantalum
  • Tb
  • Terbium
  • Th
  • Thomps
  • Thompsonite
  • Thorium
  • Thulium
  • Ti
  • Tin
  • Tio2
  • Titanium
  • Titanium Oxide
  • Tm
  • Total
  • Ts
  • Tungsten
  • Type
  • Type
  • U
  • Unit
  • Uranium
  • V
  • Vanadium
  • W
  • Water In Rock
  • Weighted
  • Wet Chemistry
  • X-Ray Diffraction
  • X-Ray Fluorescence (Xrf)
  • Y
  • Yb
  • Ytterbium
  • Yttrium
  • Zeolite
  • Zinc
  • Zirconium
  • Zn
  • Zr
Disciplines
  • Chemistry
  • Earth Science

Abstract

This book presents new data on chemical and mineral compositions and on density of altered and fresh igneous rocks from key DSDP and ODP holes drilled on the following main tectonomagmatic structures of the ocean floor: 1. Mid-ocean ridges and abyssal plains and basins (DSDP Legs 37, 61, 63, 64, 65, 69, 70, 83, and 91 and ODP Legs 106, 111, 123, 129, 137, 139, 140, 148, and 169); 2. Seamounts and guyots (DSDP Legs 19, 55, and 62 and ODP Legs 143 and 144); 3. Intraplate rises (DSDP Legs 26, 33, 51, 52, 53, 72, and 74 and ODP Legs 104, 115, 120, 121, and 183); and 4. Marginal seas (DSDP Legs 19, 59, and 60 and ODP Legs 124, 125, 126, 127, 128, and 135). Study results of altered gabbro from the Southwest Indian Ridge (ODP Leg 118) and serpentinized ultramafic rocks from the Galicia margin (ODP Leg 103) are also presented. Samples were collected by the authors from the DSDP/ODP repositories, as well as during some Glomar Challenger and JOIDES Resolution legs. The book also includes descriptions of thin sections, geochemical diagrams, data on secondary mineral assemblages, and recalculated results of chemical analyses with corrections for rock density. Atomic content of each element can be quantified in grams per standard volume (g/1000 cm**3). The suite of results can be used to estimate mass balance, but parts of the data need additional work, which depends on locating fresh analogs of altered rocks studied here. Results of quantitative estimation of element mobility in recovered sections of the upper oceanic crust as a whole are shown for certain cases: Hole 504B (Costa Rica Rift) and Holes 856H, 857C, and 857D (Middle Valley, Juan de Fuca Ridge).

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