The work deals with the development of fish farming in the Czech Republic, its history and the conditions that affect it. Based on the literature review describes the historical development of our country, Czech fisheries organization, the basic indicators of fish production and subsidy policy in this sector. For better comparison, the work includes a brief description of European and world aquaculture. The practical part is focused on analyzing the development of fish farming after 2004, inclusive. Specifically in the area of fish production, foreign trade and inflation. The following is a comparison of selected European Union countries competing. The evaluation of the individual indicators were used statistical methods, especially the simple arithmetic average, and time series analysis.