Abstract A rice ( Oryza sativa L.) mutant with an excessive tiller number, designated ext-M1B, was found in the F 2 progenies generated from the cross between M1B and GMS-1 (a genetic male sterile), whose number of tillers was 121. The excessive tillering mutant also resulted in significant changes in plant height, flag leaf, stem, filled grains per panicle, and productive panicles per plant. The inbreeding progenies of ext-M1B exhibited the same mutant phenotype. The crosses from ext-M1B/M1B, M1B/ext-M1B, 2480B/ext-M1B, D62B/ext-M1B, G46B/ext-M1B, and G683B/ext-M1B expressed normal tillering in F 1, and segregated into two different phenotypes of normal tillering type and excessive tillering type in a ratio of 3:1 in F 2. Inheritance analysis indicated that the excessive tillering character was controlled by a single recessive nucleic gene. By BSA (bulked segregants analysis) and microsatellite makers with the F 2 population of 2480B/ext-M1B as the mapping population, RM197, RM584, and RM225, all of which were located on the short arm of rice chromosome 6, were identified to be linked with the excessive tillering gene with genetic distance of 3.8 cM, 5.1 cM, and 5.2 cM, respectively. This gene is probably a new excessive tillering gene in rice and is designated tentatively ext-M1B (t).