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Introduction: Disability Studies in the Undergraduate Classroom

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  • Economics
  • Linguistics
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Eurozine - the netmagazine Boaventura de Sousa Santos The Processes of Globalisation What is the current state of globalisation, how are we to understand the processes involved and where will a globalised world system lead us? These are some of the questions Boaventura de Sousa Santos aims to elucidate in a thorough and wide ranging essay. Arguing that our current globalisation is indeed something unparalleled in history, Santos discusses the unequal economic and political realities between North and South which globalisation enforces. Globalisation is to be understood as a non−linear process marked by contradictory yet parallel discourses and varying levels of intensity and speed. Even states however have to adopt as the supremacy of the nation state is eroded, giving way to new transnational alliances and the convergence of the judicial systems as the supreme regulator of a globalised economy. Will all these processes usher into a new model of social development, or will this lead to the crisis of the world system as others fear? 1. Introduction In the last three decades transnational interactions have intensified dramatically, from the globalisation of production systems and financial transfers to the worldwide dissemination of information and images through the media, or the mass movements of people, whether as tourists or migrant workers or refugees. The extraordinary range and depth of these transnational interactions have led some authors to view them as a rupture with previous forms of cross−border interactions, a new phenomena termed "globalisation" (Featherstone, 1990; Giddens, 1990; Albrow and King, 1990), "global formation" (Chase−Dunn, 1991), "global culture" (Appadurai, 1990, 1997; Robertson, 1992), "global system" (Sklair, 1991), "global modernity'' (Featherstone et al., 1995), "global process" (Friedman, 1994), "globalisation cultures" (Jameson and Miyoshi, 1998) or "global cities" (Sassen, 1991, 1994; Fortuna, 1997). Giddens defines globalisation as "the intensification of worlw

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