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Manpower in Operating Classifications on the Railroads

  • Political Science


Manpower in Operating Classifications on the Railroads This PDF is a selection from an out-of-print volume from the National Bureau of Economic Research Volume Title: Transportation Economics Volume Author/Editor: Universities-National Bureau Volume Publisher: UMI Volume ISBN: 0-87014-308-5 Volume URL: Publication Date: 1965 Chapter Title: Manpower in Operating Classifications on the Railroads Chapter Author: John L. Dunlop Chapter URL: Chapter pages in book: (p. 423 - 438) Manpower in Operating Class (fications on the Railroads JOHN 1. DUNLOP HARVARD UNIVERSITY The two most significant studies made by the Presidential Railroad Commission concern manpower in operating classifications and the wage structure.' Irrespective of how one appraises the Commission's recommendations (and there are its supporters and detractors), it is agreed that these two studies provide significant new information to economists, government agencies, and the carriers and brotherhoods. In an industry as old as railroading, regulated in detail by government agencies and with a long history of collective bargaining, it is portentous that such large gaps could have existed in our information regarding the manpower profile and the wage structure of operating employees. The Commission was in complete accord in its direction of the studies, and the methods used were approved by experts representing the carriers, the brotherhoods, and governmental agencies. Thus, the studies possess both a high degree of technical competence and wide- spread confidence. This paper is concerned solely with manpower problems, despite the greater richness and novelty of the wage data and my own pro- fessional interest in wage structure issues. The wage structure of operating employees is so distinctive and involves such grotesque inequities2 that discussion of its problems has relatively little general relevance except as another instanc

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