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Increased urban seroprevalence ofToxoplasma gondiiinfecting swine in Panama

Authors
Journal
Veterinary Parasitology
0304-4017
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
153
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.vetpar.2008.01.017
Keywords
  • Toxoplasma Gondii
  • Seroprevalence
  • Indirect Immunofluorescence
  • Swine

Abstract

Abstract Toxoplasmosis gondii causes one of the most common zoonoses worldwide. The rate in Panama is one of the highest in the world. Infections are primarily asymptomatic in immune competent individuals; however, in immunocompromised patient and congenital cases can be lethal. Exposure to the pathogen is hypothesized to occur when handling or consuming infected food such as swine meat. In this study, we analyzed 290 swine sera collected from six provinces in Panama by Indirect Immunofluorescence antibody test (IFAT) against T. gondii. Toxoplasma-specific IgG were found in 32.1% of the samples. The highest seroprevalence was found in the province of Panama.

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