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European Criminal Law

Authors
Publisher
Lunds universitet/Juridiska institutionen
Keywords
  • Law And Political Science
  • European Affairs

Abstract

exarbete.doc Faculty of Law Lund University Master of European Affairs programme, Law Master thesis By Mareike Braeunlich European Criminal Law Peter Gjörtler European Law Spring 02 Contents 1 SUMMARY 1 2 INTRODUCTION 5 3 CRIMINAL LAW IN THE EU 7 3.1 Criminal competence of the EC 7 3.1.1 no criminal competence of the EC 7 3.1.2 Influence of EC law on criminal law 8 3.2 The Council of Europe 9 3.3 The 3rd pillar 10 3.3.1 Intergovernmental Method 10 3.3.2 Problems 11 3.3.3 Most important 3rd pillar acquis regarding fraud 12 3.3.4 From “horizontal“ to “vertical“ 13 3.3.5 UCLAF, OLAF and Europol 14 3.3.6 Court of Auditors 15 3.3.7 Problems specifically regarding fraud 15 3.4 The 1st pillar 15 3.4.1 Sanctions under EC law 16 3.4.1.1 Supranational sanctions 16 3.4.1.2 The influence of EC law on national sanctions 18 3.4.1.2.1 The EC Treaty 18 3.4.1.2.2 The ECJ 19 3.4.1.2.3 Regulations 21 3.4.1.2.4 Directives 22 3.5 Former attempts for harmonisation 23 3.6 Current changes in the Treaty of Amsterdam 25 3.6.1 Framework decisions 25 3.6.2 Art.280 IV ECT 26 3.6.3 Directive 27 3.7 Conclusion 28 4 IS HARMONIZATION NECESSARY? 29 4.1 pro 29 4.2 contra 30 4.3 different approaches 31 4.3.1 more intensive cooperation 31 4.3.2 Assimilation 31 4.3.3 Corpus Juris proposal 32 4.3.4 A Model Penal Code 33 4.4 Legal basis for harmonization 34 4.4.1 Art.280 IV ECT 34 4.4.2 Art.95 ECT 34 4.4.3 Art.308 ECT 34 4.4.4 Art.34 (2d) / Art.40 TEU 35 4.5 Conclusion 35 5 FUTURE PERSPECTIVE: A EUROPEAN PUBLIC PROSECUTER? 37 5.1 Traditions 37 5.2 Green book 38 5.3 Alternative solution: Eurojust 40 5.4 Conclusion 42 1 1 Summary Member States have the competence and the obligation to implement and to enforce Community law. How they do this belongs in principle to their freedom of policy. During the last few years, however, this policy freedom has been objectively bound to and completed by Community law, in the form of case law of the Court of Justice as well

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