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Adaptive Temperature Compensation in Circadian Oscillations

Authors
Journal
PLoS Computational Biology
1553-734X
Publisher
Public Library of Science
Publication Date
Volume
8
Issue
7
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pcbi.1002585
Keywords
  • Research Article
  • Biology
  • Computational Biology
  • Systems Biology
  • Theoretical Biology
  • Mathematics
  • Applied Mathematics
Disciplines
  • Biology

Abstract

A temperature independent period and temperature entrainment are two defining features of circadian oscillators. A default model of distributed temperature compensation satisfies these basic facts yet is not easily reconciled with other properties of circadian clocks, such as many mutants with altered but temperature compensated periods. The default model also suggests that the shape of the circadian limit cycle and the associated phase response curves (PRC) will vary since the average concentrations of clock proteins change with temperature. We propose an alternative class of models where the twin properties of a fixed period and entrainment are structural and arise from an underlying adaptive system that buffers temperature changes. These models are distinguished by a PRC whose shape is temperature independent and orbits whose extrema are temperature independent. They are readily evolved by local, hill climbing, optimization of gene networks for a common quality measure of biological clocks, phase anticipation. Interestingly a standard realization of the Goodwin model for temperature compensation displays properties of adaptive rather than distributed temperature compensation.

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