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ITER primary cryopump test facility

Fusion Engineering and Design
Publication Date
DOI: 10.1016/s0920-3796(97)00203-2
  • Design
  • Ecology
  • Geography


Abstract A cryopump as ITER primary vacuum pump is being developed at FZK under the European Fusion Technology Programme. The ITER vacuum system comprises 16 cryopumps operating in a cyclic mode which fulfills the vacuum requirements in all ITER operation modes. Prior to the construction of a prototype cryopump, the concept is tested on a reduced scale model pump. To test the model pump, the TIMO facility is being built at FZK in which the model pump operation under ITER environmental conditions, except for tritium exposure, neutron irradiation and magnetic fields, can be simulated. The TIMO facility mainly consists of a test vessel for ITER divertor duct simulation, a 600 W refrigerator system supplying helium in the 5 K stage and a 30 kW helium supply system for the 80 K stage. The Model Pump Test Programme will be performed with regard to the pumping performance and cryogenic operation of the pump. The results of the model pump testing will lead to the design of the full scale ITER cryopump.

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