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Use and reglation of karst poljes in Yugoslavia

Universitat de les Illes Balears
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  • Agricultural Science
  • Economics


ENDINS, n.' 13.1987. Ciutat de Mallorca. USE AND REGULATION OF KARST POLJES IN YUGOSLAVIA by Peter H A B I ~ * Abstract The traditional use of karst poljes in different parts of Dinaric karst is presented frorn the efforts for water regirne change in order to dry up the poljes as well as to retain periodically or perrnanent- ly the water for agricultural, touristical, energetical and cornplex hydro-econorny use. The atternpts for protection of karst poljes natural properties within the frarne of regional karst park are rnen- tioned. Extrait On y présente I'emploie traditionelle des poljés karstiques dans les différentes parties du karst Dinarique et tous les efforts de changer le régime hydrique, ainsi dans la direction du desséchernent cornme dans celle de la retenue permanente ou périodique de I'eau pour I'exploitation agriculture- Ile, touristique, énérgetique et pour I'econornie hydraulique complete. On y rnentionne les efforts pour la protection permanente des caractéristiques naturelles des poljés karstiques dans le cadre du parc karstique régional. Big karst depressions with flat, alluvial bottom and sinking streams which are in the geographical literature the most frequently defined as karst pol- jes (~v i j i c , 1895; ~erko , 1947; Melik, 1959; ~ogl ic , 1964; Gams, 1978), according to ~ e r k o there are more than 200 of them in Yugoslavia, are the only bigger, fertile and inhabited oases in the middle of the Dinaric karst. Man exploits them from the be- ginning of settling by different ways, adapts to their natural properties, more or less successful he tries to change them according to his own wishes and needs. In the last decades in Yugoslavia quite a big progress was attained. 1. Traditional use of karst poljes According to morphogenetical and hydrogra- phical criteria the karstologists divided karst poljes into severa1 types (Lehmann, 1959; Gams, 1973). Regarding their economic geographical properties, * lnstitut za ra

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