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Developmental Drivers of Nutritional Change: A Cross-Country Analysis

Authors
Journal
World Development
0305-750X
Publisher
Elsevier
Volume
42
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.worlddev.2012.07.002
Keywords
  • Malnutrition
  • Economic Growth
  • Agriculture
  • Poverty
  • Health
  • Female Education
  • Fertility Rates
Disciplines
  • Economics
  • Education
  • Medicine

Abstract

Summary We utilize a rich cross-country data set to understand within-country changes in nutrition, with a focus on the role of general developmental factors. We find that economic growth is a strong predictor of nutritional performance, as is growth in food production, although only in more food insecure countries. We find no evidence that infrastructure is directly important, but greater asset ownership, improved access to health services, higher rates of female secondary education, and lower fertility rates, are all strong predictors of improvements in nutrition. We show that national success stories are largely consistent with these findings.

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