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Epoxidized natural rubber/dicarboxylic acid self-vulcanized blends

Authors
Journal
Polymer
0032-3861
Publisher
Elsevier
Volume
51
Issue
25
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.polymer.2010.10.023
Keywords
  • Epoxidized Natural Rubber
  • Crosslinking
  • Dicarboxylic Acids

Abstract

Abstract Curing behaviour as well as mechanical properties of binary blends of epoxidized natural rubber (ENR) and dodecanedioic acid (DA) were investigated for development of self-vulcanizable elastomer blends. Cross-linking reaction at 180 °C of reactive functional rubber containing 25 and 10 mol% epoxide groups was followed by rheology. The properties of the cured materials were studied by dynamic mechanical analysis, stress–strain experiments, and DSC measurements. It was shown that a specific ratio ENR/DA gave rise to optimum mechanical properties. This ratio decreases together with the epoxidation level of the rubber. DSC measurements revealed that the glass transition temperature of the cured material increases nonlinearly at high concentrations of cross-linking agent. By comparing cross-linking with DA and reaction with monofunctional lauric acid, this behaviour was attributed to polar interactions due to free carboxylic groups of pending diacid grafts.

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