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Lack of Influence of the Epidermis on Underlying Cell Development in Leaflets ofPisum sativumvar.argenteum(Fabaceae)

Authors
Journal
Annals of Botany
0305-7364
Publisher
Oxford University Press
Publication Date
Volume
83
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1006/anbo.1998.0773
Keywords
  • Biomechanics
  • Compression
  • Epidermis
  • Leaf Development
  • Mesophyll
  • Pressure
  • Wound Response
  • Pisum Sativumvar.Argenteum.

Abstract

Abstract We explored whether epidermal pressure regulates cell and organ growth in leaflets of Pisum sativumvar. argenteum,a mutant cultivar of the garden pea characterized by reduced adhesion between the epidermis and subjacent mesophyll. Developing leaflets of leaves arising at three positions on the seedling axis were peeled in situand grown to maturity in humidity chambers. The mature anatomy and morphology could be accurately assessed because wound responses normally associated with peeling were prevented by the Argmutation that permitted peeling without damage to the mesophyll and by the humidity chambers that protected peeled areas from desiccation. The mesophyll cell size, state of differentiation, and layering pattern as well as the overall morphology of mature, peeled leaflets were indistinguishable from those of mature, intact leaflets grown under the same conditions. The epidermis exerted no detectable regulatory effect on the expansion of the leaflets as a whole or on the tissue layers and cells within the leaflets.

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