Zacchariah, or the father driven forth. Tuscan nuptials between Giotto and the Council of Trent Christiane Klapisch-Zuber "The Marriage of the Virgin" was an important theme in Italian iconography in the 14th and 15th centuries. This predilection inspired by the Church, seems to have been particularly marked in a period when nuptial rites were undergoing profound changes, and it is evidence of the clergy's efforts to control the crucial phases of these changes. This essay reconstructs the process of the marriage ritual in Florence, mainly from Florentine family books. It highlights the marginal role played by the clergy in this process and the tendency to concentrate the theologically and juridically most significant episodes (for both laity and clergy) around the presentation of the wedding ring This attraction is expressed, in representations of the "Marriage of the Virgin", by focusing on the wedding ring. The church setting and the role accorded to the priest are expressions of the Church's ambition to attract folk rituals to it, even at the cost of introducing certain aspects of folklore which it was later to abhor and which it eliminated in the 16th century.