Abstract Four types of C/C–SiC composites were prepared by isothermal chemical vapor infiltration (ICVI) of SiC on C/C preforms of different densities. Tribological properties of the composites were evaluated by using MM-1000 testing machine. The results indicated that the friction behaviors of the composites are a strong function of the content of pyrolytic carbon (in matrix). Moreover, friction film was formed on the surface and increased with pyrolytic carbon content. Debris originated of particulate and film-type have been observed after friction testing with ratio and size determined by the content of pyrolytic carbon.