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On discontinuous plastic states, with special reference to localized necking in thin sheets

Authors
Journal
Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids
0022-5096
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
1
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/0022-5096(52)90003-3
Disciplines
  • Mathematics

Abstract

Abstract Permissible discontinuities of stress, velocity, and surface slope are investigated in a plastic-rigid sheet deformed in its plane. One such discontinuity of velocity is shown to be the mathematical idealization of localized necking; the necessary restrictions on the stress-state and rate of workhardening are obtained for any yield function and plastic potential. The results are illustrated by an examination of the modes of necking in notched tension strips. The constraint factors at the yield point are obtained for notches with wedge-shaped or circular roots.

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