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Comparing ethylene glycol with glycerol and with or without dithiothreitol and sucrose for cryopreservation of bull semen in egg-yolk containing extenders

DOI: 10.1016/j.cryobiol.2014.05.005
  • Bovine
  • Antioxidants
  • Cryoprotectants
  • Sperm Parameters
  • Freeze–Thawing


Abstract There are few studies performed for investigating the roles of different ratio and cryoprotectants with dithiothreitol or sucrose on sperm motility characteristics and antioxidant capacities of post-thawed bull spermatozoa. The objectives of this study were to compare glycerol (G) and ethylene glycol (EG) at different concentrations as cryoprotectants and dithiothreitol (D) or sucrose (S) (with/without) as antioxidants in Tris extender for cryopreservation of bull semen. Twenty-four ejaculates obtained from three bulls were included in the study. Each ejaculate was split into four equal aliquots and diluted using both of the Tris extenders with glycerol (5% or 7%) or ethylene glycol (3% or 5%). After that, each extenders were split into three equal aliquots and diluted using both of the dithiothreitol 5mM or sucrose 25mM, and control (without additives) was cooled to 4°C and frozen in 0.25-ml French straws. when compared to control, different doses cryoprotectants and antioxidants addition no significantly increased the percentages of post-thaw sperm progressive and motitilities, acrosome abnormality and plasma membrane integrity (P>0.05). However, EG3+S yielded the greatest percentages of the total abnormality (P<0.05). As regard to antioxidant activities G7 and EG5 led to lowest MDA activity with or without D or S but, these results were not supported to the GPx activity (P<0.01). The sperm motion characteristics such as VAP, VCL, ALH and BCF gave significantly different results (P<0.05). When compared the DNA integrity, different doses cryoprotectants without antioxidants addition significantly increased the percentages of the tail intensity and tail moment (P<0.05). There were no significant differences observed in non-return rates among all treatment groups (P>0.05).

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