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Electrochemical reduction of NiO in a composite electrode

Authors
Journal
Solid State Ionics
0167-2738
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
234
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.ssi.2012.12.018
Keywords
  • Electrochemical Reduction
  • Nickel Oxide
  • Impedance Spectroscopy
  • Composite Electrode
  • Oxygen Sensor
Disciplines
  • Chemistry

Abstract

Abstract Electrochemical reduction of NiO in a composite electrode along with 8mol% Y2O3 stabilized zirconia (8YSZ) is studied. Voltage sweeps are performed on cells with a counter electrode made from Pt or the composite of (La0.75Sr0.25)0.95MnO3±δ (LSM25) and 8YSZ, but the composite electrode gives a lower overpotential. Microstructures of NiO with different reduction degrees are shown. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy is carried out during the reduction process. Electrochemical reduction of NiO may need an induction period. When NiO is reduced at a constant voltage the current initially increases, hereafter a decay is observed. The kinetics of electrochemical reduction of NiO can be described by the Avrami equation. In performed experiments the exponent of the Avrami equation is in the range of 0.5–0.7 and the overall rate constant varies from 1.19 to 7.73×10−3 and increases with temperature and in particular with the applied voltage. The maximum reaction rate is obtained when 2–11% NiO is reduced. The increasing resistance in NiO reduction can be exclusively ascribed to one arc in impedance spectra.

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