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What Happens before Syncope? Study of the Time Frame Preceding Vasovagal Syncope

Authors
Journal
ISRN Cardiology
2090-5580
Publisher
Hindawi (International Scholarly Research Network)
Publication Date
Volume
2011
Identifiers
DOI: 10.5402/2011/659787
Keywords
  • Research Article
Disciplines
  • Medicine

Abstract

Objective. The events characterizing the very last part of the vasovagal crisis has not been determined. The aim of the study was to analyze the variations in respiratory pattern preceding the vaso-vagal syncope full-blown and the relationship between cardiovascular functions in order to assess the temporal sequence. Methods. Eleven consecutive patients were studied. Heart rate, arterial pressure, respiratory frequency, tidal volume, carbon dioxide, and oxygen saturation in time domain from supine and standing recordings were analyzed. Results. The respiratory activity is different in the time frame preceding syncope, both in VT and breathing rate, and that the increase of the lung ventilation does not influence the baroreflex control during the presyncopal period but may be cause of the baroreflex failure during the full-blown syncope.

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