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Evaluation of Small Intestine Grafts Decellularization Methods for Corneal Tissue Engineering

Authors
Journal
PLoS ONE
1932-6203
Publisher
Public Library of Science
Publication Date
Volume
8
Issue
6
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0066538
Keywords
  • Research Article
  • Biology
  • Biotechnology
  • Biomaterials
  • Tissue Engineering
  • Histology
  • Model Organisms
  • Animal Models
  • Mouse
  • Molecular Cell Biology
  • Extracellular Matrix
  • Extracellular Matrix Composition
  • Engineering
  • Bioengineering
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Materials Science
  • Mathematics
  • Statistics
  • Biostatistics
  • Medicine
  • Ophthalmology
  • Corneal Disorders
Disciplines
  • Biology
  • Chemistry
  • Engineering

Abstract

Advances in the development of cornea substitutes by tissue engineering techniques have focused on the use of decellularized tissue scaffolds. In this work, we evaluated different chemical and physical decellularization methods on small intestine tissues to determine the most appropriate decellularization protocols for corneal applications. Our results revealed that the most efficient decellularization agents were the SDS and triton X-100 detergents, which were able to efficiently remove most cell nuclei and residual DNA. Histological and histochemical analyses revealed that collagen fibers were preserved upon decellularization with triton X-100, NaCl and sonication, whereas reticular fibers were properly preserved by decellularization with UV exposure. Extracellular matrix glycoproteins were preserved after decellularization with SDS, triton X-100 and sonication, whereas proteoglycans were not affected by any of the decellularization protocols. Tissue transparency was significantly higher than control non-decellularized tissues for all protocols, although the best light transmittance results were found in tissues decellularized with SDS and triton X-100. In conclusion, our results suggest that decellularized intestinal grafts could be used as biological scaffolds for cornea tissue engineering. Decellularization with triton X-100 was able to efficiently remove all cells from the tissues while preserving tissue structure and most fibrillar and non-fibrillar extracellular matrix components, suggesting that this specific decellularization agent could be safely used for efficient decellularization of SI tissues for cornea TE applications.

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