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Julije Makanec – Understanding of the Philosophy of State and Politics in Works Until 1941

Croatian Philosophical Society
Publication Date
  • Julije Makanec
  • Teorija Države
  • Filozofija Politike
  • Hegelovstvo
  • Julije Makanec
  • Theory Of State
  • Philosophy Of Politics
  • Hegelianism
  • Education
  • Philosophy
  • Political Science


Because of his role in the Independent State of Croatia, where he was a minister of education, Croatian politician and philosopher Julije Makanec (1904–1945) was sistematically ignored in the period from 1945 to 1990. He published several books on philosophy of state and politics. His first book "O podrijetlu i smislu države" ("On Origin And Sense of the State"), published in 1939, is an overview of concepts of the state from Machiavelli to Mussolini. Makanec uses his overview to criticize political situation in Kingdom of Yugoslavia (lack of democracy, lack of freedom of speech, etc.) and to bring his own vision of philosophy of state. It is basically a Hegelian one, and Makanec adds to it some Humboldtian spiritual liberalism and christian egalitarism. The author suggests that Makanec did not suceed to make a consistent position and that some of his statements are contradictory to the others.

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