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Effects of veratridine on Na and Ca currents in frog skeletal muscle

Authors
Journal
General Pharmacology The Vascular System
0306-3623
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
25
Issue
8
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/0306-3623(94)90369-7
Keywords
  • Ion Channels
  • Na Currents
  • Ca Currents
  • Neurotoxins
  • Veratridine
  • Na Channel Inactivation

Abstract

Abstract 1. 1. Voltage-clamp experiments were performed to determine the effects of veratridine on Na and Ca currents in frog skeletal muscle fibres. 2. 2. Veratridine (1 μM) did not affect the kinetics of the fast Na current but it did induce a slowly inactivating tetrodotoxin-sensitive inward current that was apparent after Na current inactivation. This slow current had a peak amplitude of 6.7 ± 0.7 μA/cm 2 at −20mV and decayed monoexponentially with a time constant of 606 ± 77 ms. 3. 3. The slow current had a voltage-dependence for activation that was similar to that of the fast Na current. Single depolarizing prepulses that induced complete inactivation of the fast Na channels, prevented development of the slow current. Trains of brief depolarizations at increasing frequencies increased the amplitude of the slow current. These results suggest that the slow current may be mediated by veratridine modified Na channels that must be in the open position. 4. 4. The low concentration of veratridine (1 μM) did not affect the Ca current, while 100 μM veratridine reversibly suppressed the Ca current and shifted its peak current-voltage relation towards more negative potentials. Thus, veratridine appears not to be a selective fast Na channel modifier as it may also alter Ca channel gating properties in skeletal muscle fibres.

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